© Angelika Hinterbrandner

Concept

SPATIAL EXPERIMENTS
9.1 2016 – 1.11 2017

 
 

What if we instead of always taking every design decision by ourselves, we let a process found in nature – evolution – decide for us?

 
 

WHAT HAVE I BEEN DOING SO FAR?

Genetic Algorithm 1.0 - It begins with rectangles with random colors and they evolve to a specific target color.
Genetic Algorithm 1.0 – It begins with rectangles with random colors and they evolve to a specific target color.

 
 

Genetic Algorithm 1.1 - It begins with columns with random colors and they evolve to a specific target color. Here it is yellow.
Genetic Algorithm 1.1 – It begins with columns with random colors and they evolve to a specific target color. Here it is yellow.

 
 

Genetic Algorithm 2.0 - It begins with columns with random heights and they evolve to a specific target height.
Genetic Algorithm 2.0 – It begins with columns with random heights and they evolve to a specific target height.

 
 

Genetic Algorithm 3.0 - Adaptability to a specific height in 3D-space.
Genetic Algorithm 3.0 – Adaptability to a specific height in 3D-space.

 
 

PROCESSING

Parametrics lines moving dynamically.
Parametrics lines moving dynamically.

 

Experiment - Random boxes randomly place.
Experiment – Random boxes randomly place.

 

PROCESSING + GRASSHOPPER

From Processing into Grasshopper
From Processing into Grasshopper

 

Random points in 3D space. The spheres are created in GH.
Random points in 3D space. The spheres are created in GH.

 

Send multiple lists into GH.
Send multiple lists into GH.

 

The object with the highest fitness. In this case the number 178 in height.
The object with the highest fitness. In this case the number 178 in height.

 

GALAPAGOS IN RHINOCEROS

You find Galapagos here.
You find Galapagos here.

 

Galapagos, built-in plugin in Rhinoceros.
Galapagos, a built-in plugin in Rhinoceros.

 

Ladybug and Honeybee are two open source environmental plugins for Grasshopper to help designers and engineers create an environmentally-conscious building design.
Ladybug and Honeybee are two open source environmental plugins for Grasshopper to help designers and engineers create an environmentally-conscious building design.

 
 

ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT AND AMBITION

Optimization.
Optimization.

To explore and investigate the ways GA can be used in the architectural design process. A genetic algorithm as a whole becomes very interesting first when you have two or more competiting criteria, battling against each other. For instance,

  • Maximum amount of daylight with minimum heat gain.
  • Maximum space with minimum building footprint.
  • Maximum volume minimum surface area.

What kind of GA processes could improve the building?

  1. Orientation in relation to the sun
  2. Position to road
  3. Floorplan composition
  4. Shape
  5. Height
  6. Area
  7. Volume
  8. Surface area
  9. Openings
  10. Paths
  11. Color
  12. Views
  13. Building envelope
  14. Sun exposure
  15. Calculate the amount of sun hittinga point on a building throughout a day.
  16. Measure weather data at the location and respond to the information.

 

 
 

SITE

The site I have chosen is the town Ait Ourir which lies on a trade route between Marrakech and Ouarzazate. This location is important as it is one of the only ways through the beautiful and diverse Atlas mountains. Meaning the traffic through this region is constant and heavy.

 

BUILDING PROGRAMME

Samirs gas station.
Samir’s gas station.

I intend to create a new design for Samir’s gas station, that is based on GA processes. It has great potential to become a meeting place for people traveling on the route between Marrakech and Ouarzazate. Not necessarily for the people living in Ait Ourir but for the ones driving through.
 

WHAT IS THE ‘BOTTOM-UP’ COMPONENT?

The genetic algorithm processess I intend to use. Where in the architectural design process could we let a genetic algorithm help us come up with better design decision and when not?